India is full of spectacular monuments and historic buildings that depicts the history, art, culture, religion, and ancient India. Here are the top 15 must-see monuments of India.
The Taj Mahal is an Islamic mausoleum made up of ivory-white marble. It is situated on the bank of the Yamuna in the city of Agra. It was made by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. It houses the tomb of both Shah Jahan and his wife. The cost of this monument was around 32 million rupees in 1653. The architect of this monument was Ustad Ahmad Lahauri and under his guidance 20000 artisans were employed to make it. It attracts around 7-8 million visitors per year and it is also a world heritage site. It is among the seven wonders of the world.
Hawa Mahal refers to the Palace of winds. It is located in Jaipur and made up of red and pink sandstone. Built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, it was inspired by the unique structure of Khetri mahal. It was designed by Lal Chand Ustab and has unique five floors. It has a honeycomb structure with 953 small windows called jharokhas decorated with intricate latticework.
The Lotus Temple is located in Delhi and is a Baha’i House of worship. It has a flower-like shape and it is open to all, irrespective of their religion. The building consists of 27 free-standing marble-clad petals which are arranged in clusters with nine doors opening onto a central hall which is of height 24.27 meters. This building has a capacity to hold 2500 people.
Mysore palace is actually the official residence of the Wadiyar dynasty and it is a historical palace. This palace is situated in the center of Mysore city in Karnataka and it faces Chamundi hills eastwards. The land of this palace was actually known as puragiri and now it is known as an old fort. This palace was built by Yaduraya. It is visited by around 6 million people every year.
It is located on the hilltop of Sanchi town in Raisen district in Madhya Pradesh which is 46 km away from Bhopal. It is a Buddhist complex made by the emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. The stupa of Sanchi has a diameter of approximately 37 meters and the height is 16 meters.
It is a UNESCO world heritage site located in Delhi. It is a 73-meter tower of five stories with 14.3-meter diameter, the diameter of the top is 2.7 meter and it has 379 steps. It is made up of red stone and marble. The lowest three of the five stories have cylindrical shafts or columns of sandstones, the fourth is made up of marble and the fifth is of marble and sandstone. This building is made by Qutb-ud-din.
It is a marble building that is situated on the bank of the Hooghly river in memory of Queen Victoria in the city of Kolkata. Today it is a museum and tourist destination under the Ministry of culture. The building is 338 feet by 228 feet and rises to a height of 184 feet and is constructed of white Makrana marble. The architect of this building is William Emerson and it was designed by Lord Redesdale and David Prain.
8.Gateway of India
The gateway of an arch monument built in Mumbai city in the early twentieth century. It faces towards Mumbai harbor. This monument is made up of yellow basalt and reinforced concrete and is 26 meters in height with the central dome of 15 meters diameter. The monument has intricate stone latticework with four turrets and there are steps built which lead to the Arabian sea. It combines indigenous architectural elements with Islamic architecture or Indo-Saracenic elements.
The Charminar is situated in Hyderabad, Telangana and is a monument with a square structure and has four sides, each of them being 20 meters long with one grand arch. 149 winding steps are present and the structure is famous for its profusion of stucco decoration and arrangement of balustrades and balconies. The structure is made of granite, limestone, mortar, and pulverized marble which weighs approximately 14,000 tons apiece.
10.Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the 32 heritage sites of UNESCO, headquarters of Indian railways and among the busiest railway stations. It was designed by Fedrick William Stevens and it was started in 1878 and was finished in 1887.
It is a war memorial to 70000 soldiers of the British Indian Army who died in the 1st world war. The memorial-gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. It is situated in Delhi. It is 42 meters tall and it stands on a low base of red Bharatpur stones.
12.Konark Sun Temple
It is situated on the coastline of Odisha, 35 kilometers towards the northeast from Puri. It is dedicated to the Hindu sun god. This temple has an appearance of a 100-foot high chariot with wheels and horses and all this is carved from stone. It is also called Surya devalaya.
It is a maze that also includes the large Asif mosque. It also has a bowli which is a stepwell with running water. There are two main gateways which lead to the main hall and there are 1024 ways to reach the terrace but only one way to come back. It was built by Asaf-ud-daula.
14.Khajuraho group of monuments
It is a group of Hindu and Jain temples and is situated in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh which is 175 km from Jhansi. It is a UNESCO world heritage site and the temples are famous for its nagara style architecture and erotic sculptures. It was built between 950 AD and 1050AD by the Chandela dynasty and there are 25 temples which are spread over 6 km sq.
It is situated in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan and is the second-largest fort in Rajasthan which was built in 1156AD by Rajput Rawal. The inner-wall perimeter of the fort is about 4 km long.